How to choose vitamins.
Vitamins for the Elderly
As you age, your body’s need for calories decreases, and the need for vitamins grows. Age-related changes, such as a decrease in the acidity of gastric juice, make it is difficult to absorb certain nutrients. This is especially true for vitamin B 12. For example, the National Academy of Sciences of the United States recommends that anyone over the age of 50 take vitamin B- 12 complex or eat foods enriched with this vitamin.
Older people over the age of 70 need more vitamin D than they usually contain multivitamins (600 IU instead of 400 IU). This vitamin is ingested with milk, oily fish (salmon, sardines). Vitamin D is often produced in combination with calcium, which is especially important for those who do not drink milk or live in areas where sunny days rarely occur in winter.
Vitamins for children
Caring parents often worry if their children need vitamin supplements? Those who eat right – do not need. But, if you face the truth, are there many such children? It is worth supporting a child’s healthy vitamins if: he lacks iron (low hemoglobin); the child is very picky in food and does not eat fruits and vegetables; eating only a limited set of dishes. Healthy teeth need fluoride. The pediatrician will advise how much your child needs. Just do not forget that keep vitamins away from children!
Vitamins for Vegetarians
Some vital substances for the body, in particular calcium, iron, zinc and vitamin B 12, are almost impossible to obtain in sufficient quantities, following a vegetarian diet (especially if it excludes milk and eggs). Therefore, it is necessary to take complex multivitamins.
Those who don’t drink milk should take care of the bones, taking vitamin D and 1000-1200 mg of calcium daily.
Vitamins for menopause
For women during this period, taking calcium and vitamin D is vital to maintain strong bones. And besides, magnesium is recommended for all women over 50, especially smokers and fragile physicians, for whom there is a high risk of osteoporosis. If your joints hurt, you should take selenium and fish oil.
Vitamins for Beauty
Chapped lips – possibly lacking vitamins of group B and vitamin C. Lack of the latter can lead to the appearance of bursting vessels on the face and bleeding gums. A lack of iron and zinc is a likely cause of lifeless hair and exfoliating nails. Keep in mind that alcohol and calcium inhibit the absorption of zinc and iron. Paradoxically, too much zinc and iron is also bad, they suppress the assimilation of each other.
Remember the general rule: take vitamins with food and drink plenty of water.
What vitamins are good for skin.
Vitamin A is , andsoluble
It is the one that will allow the different skin tissues to regenerate or in other words to repair theto see.It is recognized by its name retinol in the list of ingredients of anti-aging creams.
We know that we lack vitamin A when the skin looks rather dry and wrinkled.
To fill this lack with vitamins, consume without hesitation yellow or orange vegetables, lots of carrots, apricots or vegetables with green leaves.
Vitamin B8 or biotin, can also be called vitamin H and it is water-soluble
Among all the vitamins, biotin is the one that will allow cells to be created and to develop, thus making up nails, hair or skin. They are found in legumes, chard, soy, dry yeast, bananas, eggs, or in rice.
Vitamin C is water-soluble
This vitamin is essential since vitamin C is none other than the one that will allow your skin to protect itself from pollution, the sun or even tobacco.
It will promote the development of antioxidants and defend us against viral and bacterial infections. It protects the wall of blood vessels and promotes the assimilation of iron. Its antioxidant actions (capture of free radicals) help in the detoxification of carcinogenic substances.
In addition, we also recognize it by the term ascorbic acid, which plays a key role in wound healing.
Vitamin C is found in citrus fruits, especially in everything that is grapefruit, lemon or orange, but also in vegetables with green leaves or in broccoli.
Vitamin E is fat soluble
Its main property is its ability to trap and prevent the spread of free radicals responsible for skin ageing. It acts in particular at the level of cell membranes and lipoproteins.
It is widely used in high-end cosmetic products. It prevents the rancidity of the vegetable oils contained in our precious creams.
This vitamin is found in nuts, and in all seeds in general, but also in spinach or in vegetable oils.
What about vitamin D?
It is a fat-soluble vitamin, and our body is indeed able to synthesize it in the skin under the action of sun and ultraviolet rays. Hence, the importance of being exposed to the sun, but with caution.
Its main function is to increase the capacity of the intestine to absorb calcium and phosphorus.
Several age groups of the population are at the risk of vitamin D deficiency: newborns, infants and pregnant women, who have little exposure to the sun and have high needs.
Elderly people, especially those placed in institutions, who eat little and who expose themselves very little to the sun. People who do not enjoy the sun benefits regularly or who wear opaque clothing all year round.
Food sources of vitamin D are vegetable oils, fortified dairy products, oily fish such as salmon, herring, and sardines.
Know that the vitamins are small enough to squeeze up to the basement membrane of the epidermis to permanently activate its cell regeneration. Few cosmetic active ingredients have this privilege.
How to understand what vitamins I need
Scientists emit about 20 important vitamins, minerals and amino acids that are involved in metabolism. All of them can be obtained from food with proper and balanced nutrition.
If the nutrition is defective – it contains few foods with a high content of nutrients – or monotonous with the predominant consumption of only one type of food, vitamin deficiency may occur. Drinking alcohol and smoking can also lead to a deficiency: these bad habits disrupt the metabolism, and the digestibility of beneficial trace elements.
Vitamins from the pharmacy are needed to make up for the deficiency of nutrients. To understand which vitamins are missing, you need to see a doctor. Based on an examination, history taking and tests, he will be able to identify a deficiency and select the right dose of vitamins to compensate for it.
Taking vitamins prophylactically – for example, during the cold season – is not worth it. This also applies to seasonal deficiency of vitamins. Spring vitamin deficiency is a common household myth. Previously, when the food over the winter ended, and people received few nutrients with food, there really were problems. Now we have access to fresh vegetables and fruits all year round, and doctors are increasingly talking about hypervitaminosis – an overabundance of vitamins due to their uncontrolled intake.