What vitamins are needed for fitness.
Vitamins A and B1 are crucial for normal cell growth and protein synthesis. You can usually get them by adding cereals, beans, dairy products, and carrots to your diet.
Of great importance is vitamin B13 (also known as orthic acid), which is responsible for tissue regeneration. None of those involved in fitness need to explain how important this is for muscle growth and recovery after hard training. The best source of B13 from common foods is milk and yeast.
If you are working on a mass, then vitamin B3 is essential for you, which helps transport food to the cells. B3 can be obtained by adding eggs and dairy products to your diet, but tuna meat is especially rich in them.
Vitamins B7 and H are important for metabolism in your body. They can be obtained from cereals and eggs, as well as the liver.
One cannot but mention vitamin B9, better known as folic acid. Without it, muscles cannot receive enough oxygen, and blood circulation also suffers. Folic acid is found in beans and vegetables, but in such small quantities that it is almost impossible to get a daily intake for an athlete. This is just the case when you cannot do without vitamin supplements.
And of course, the “banal” vitamins C, D, K, which are necessary for the health of any person, are especially needed for those who experience regular physical activity.
Vitamins C and K improve blood coagulation, help the formation of connective tissues, strengthen bones. Vitamin D is especially strong in the latter – you cannot build a strong bone system without it.
Vitamin C, as well as B4, which is found in fish and meat, are needed for the regeneration of membranes in muscle cells.
We also mention vitamin B12, which improves the conductivity of the nervous system, and improves the transmission of signals from the brain to muscles. Milk, fish and meat are the main sources of B12, however, experienced fitness trainers recommend taking it additionally.
You need to be careful when choosing vitamin complexes rich in iron. Iron in large quantities is necessary for women. And in men, an excess of this trace element can lead to heart problems. Up to a heart attack.
What vitamins are needed for the skin?
Vitamin therapy plays a huge role in the prevention of ageing. Here are the most basic vitamins our skin needs:
Vitamin A: for sun protection. This vitamin has antioxidant properties, and is also able to withstand photoaging, strengthen capillaries and maintain skin tone.
Vitamin C: To counter free radicals. One of the most effective antioxidants that block the effects of free radicals. In addition, vitamin C is necessary to maintain a normal level of vitamin E. vitamin C is not synthesized in the human body, we can only get it from the outside – with food, medicine or dietary supplements. Being a water-soluble vitamin, it does not accumulate in the tissues, and its supply needs to be replenished daily.
Vitamin E: to eliminate dry skin. It is a fat-soluble vitamin that helps maintain the lipid mantle and prevent dehydration of the skin. In addition, vitamin E is an antioxidant.
Vitamin B1: for skin elasticity. It is necessary to prevent dryness and peeling, effectively combats fine wrinkles and irritations.
Vitamin B2: for skin regeneration. It improves cellular metabolism and relieves inflammation, improves skin recovery after microtrauma, and maintains a healthy color and radiance.
Vitamin B9: for skin beauty. Vitamin B9, better known as folic acid, is one of the most important vitamins for preserving the beauty of the skin: it has antioxidant effect, protects the skin from the effects of ultraviolet radiation, promotes the accelerated synthesis of amino acids necessary for the formation of the collagen fibers, prevents the appearance of pigmentation and accelerates the healing of microtrauma, and also relieves inflammation.
Vitamin F: against pigmentation. Deficiency of this vitamin leads to the appearance of age spots.
Vitamin PP: for skin firmness. This vitamin takes part in the removal of excess fluid and prevents the appearance of edema and swelling, improves blood microcirculation and has a lifting effect, smoothing out fine wrinkles.
Vitamin D: for youthful skin. This fat-soluble vitamin is a essential for collagen synthesis. During menopause, its amount in the body decreases sharply – by 75%. An additional intake of vitamin D can slow down the process of skin ageing, maintain its healthy color, smoothness, and radiance.
Vitamin K: from spider veins. Vitamin K is necessary for the health of blood vessels and capillaries, it strengthens their walls and prevents the appearance of dark circles under the eyes, vascular networks and asterisks on the cheeks and nose. Our body synthesizes a very small amount of this vitamin, so it is better to take it additionally.
How to understand what vitamins I need
Scientists emit about 20 important vitamins, minerals and amino acids that are involved in metabolism. All of them can be obtained from food with proper and balanced nutrition.
If the nutrition is defective – it contains few foods with a high content of nutrients – or monotonous with the predominant consumption of only one type of food, vitamin deficiency may occur. Drinking alcohol and smoking can also lead to a deficiency: these bad habits disrupt the metabolism, and the digestibility of beneficial trace elements.
Vitamins from the pharmacy are needed to make up for the deficiency of nutrients. To understand which vitamins are missing, you need to see a doctor. Based on an examination, history taking and tests, he will be able to identify a deficiency and select the right dose of vitamins to compensate for it.
Taking vitamins prophylactically – for example, during the cold season – is not worth it. This also applies to seasonal deficiency of vitamins. Spring vitamin deficiency is a common household myth. Previously, when the food over the winter ended, and people received few nutrients with food, there really were problems. Now we have access to fresh vegetables and fruits all year round, and doctors are increasingly talking about hypervitaminosis – an overabundance of vitamins due to their uncontrolled intake.